The best part about raising koi fish is feeding them! Seeing them come to the surface and even eating from the palm of your hand is the best bonding experience between growing koi fish and their owners.

It’s said that koi have a memory of around three minutes, yet they can learn to recognize their feeders. We’ve assembled some great tips to help you become a become your koi’s favorite feeder.

While smaller fish prefer flake food, pellet food shown here is good for larger fish.


  1. Feed your fish up to four times per day. Only feed them as much as they can eat in about a five minute period and do not overfeed. try to net it out if there are any leftovers in the pond.
  2. Koi are cold-blooded animals that should not be fed when the temperature falls below 13° C. Their need for food is greatly reduced and correspondingly, so is the rate of digestion. At the ideal temperature of 21-23°C, Koi can consume approximately 2-3% of their body weight in food/day;
  3. Koi fish eat just about anything, from small bugs and insects, to plants and algae at the bottom of the fish pond, to store-bought koi fish food.
  4. Koi will even eat people food. They love cereal, lettuce, shrimp, rice, peas, watermelon, pretty much anything we like, koi fish consider food.
  5. Avoid feeding your koi fish before rains. Fish need more oxygen when digesting food. When it rains, oxygen levels in the air dip down, so you can see why it’s a bad koi fish feeding time.
  6. Your growing koi will remember you as their feeder after only a short amount of time. Consistently feed them and they will begin to greet you as you approach the pond.
  7. Your smaller koi fish will need to eat flake or small sized koi food. Larger koi fish prefer pebble food
  8. Koi fish can go all winter without eating for example in the country like Japan, because their metabolism slows.
  9. Koi fish feeding is not recommended if your pump or pond aeration breaks because your koi need oxygen to digest their food.

Thanks for reading our koi fish feeding tips. Do you have one that’s not listed here? Let us know

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