With the many varieties of koi now available, it can be difficult to understand how each one came to be. We have provided a useful lineage chart below that can help you to better understand how your favourite koi fish developed its unique colour and pattern. It is important to note that given that there are now hundreds of different koi varieties, not all are listed.

Here is some example of selective breeding which has done by breeders in the world.

Asagi: One of the oldest breeds of koi; started being bred 160 years ago by parent Asagi Magois.

Ki Bekko: Bred around the mid-late 1800s by a Magoi and Higoi variety.

Kohaku: Bred by a white female with a red head and a white male with a cherry-blossom pattern.

Sanke: Established around 1917 after breeding a Kohaku and a Shiro Bekko.

Shusui: Bred around 1910 by an Asagi and a Doitsu mirror carp.

Ki Utsuri: Started to be bred around 1921 by a Ki Bekko and an Asagi Magoi.

Shiro Utsuri: First-bred around 1925 between a Magoi and another variety that is unknown.

Showa: In 1926, the Showa was bred by a Hi Utsuri and a Kohaku.

Yamabuki Ogon: Was first-bred in 1957 between a light-coloured Ogon and a Ki-goi.

Doitsu Kujaku: Were first bred in the 1960’s between a Hariwake and a Shusui.

Beni Kumonryu: A rare form of Kumonryu, this variety was first bred in 1980 between a Kumonryu and a Doitsu Kohaku.

Kikokuryu: One of the newer varieties of koi carp, they were originally bred in the early 1990’s between a Kumonryu and a Kikusui.

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